Amidst the fights in Central Asia, Saed Khan of Eastern Chagatai, which was also a warring party, captured Yarkand with the support of the Duqlat family and built a new regime in 1514(the 9th year of Zhengde reign), which was referred to as “Yarkand Khanate” by historians. Saed gradually solidified his rule, eased social conflicts, and established good law and order in the country. During his reign, Saed spent five years fighting Mongolistan in Northern Xinjiang many times in an attempt to recover the traditional nomadic area of the Mongols, but without success. However, he did achieve reconciliation with Eastern Chagatai Khanate, thus “not only restoring unity to Eastern Chagatai Khanate in form, but also bringing about a peaceful social environment”^!. Saed also sent troops to Badakshan, Tibet and Kashmir. In 1533 (the 12th year of Jiajing reign), he died on his way back from Kashmir.
His successor, Rashed Khan achieved domestic stability, and moreover, defeated Eastern Chagatai Khanate in many rounds of confrontations and wars, thus winning true independence for Yarkand Khanate. He also reformed the foreign policy and entered into alliance with the long-term foe in the west, the Shaybani Dynasty of the Uzbek, which not only brought an end to the Uzbek’s support for the Kazakh and Kirgiz, but also put him in a better position to recover Mongolistan when and if the opportunity arose. During his 27-year-long reign, Rashed Khan sent troops to Mongolistan many times and eventually managed to secure a footing in Northern Xinjiang despite the failure to completely tame the Kazakh and Kirgiz. Upon death, Rashed Khan was succeeded by his son Abdul Halem, who continued Saed Kharis foreign policy while cementing the khanship through suppressing the powerful groups at home. Abdul Halem stayed on friendly terms with the Shaybani Dynasty of Uzbek and brought home many victories in the war with the Kazakh and Kirgiz. During the 33 years of reign, he successfully Historia, 5000 anos en china incorporated Eastern Chagatai Khanate into the territory of Yarkand Khanate. Abdul Halem was succeeded by Mohmad Khan, who saw the prime time of the khanate. On the one hand, Mohmad Khan entrusted administration of state affairs to 4 Imis; on the other, he upgraded the power of the khan so as to keep a fast hold on the khanate. He was also extolled for being kind to the people and cracking down on usury. Moreover, he repulsed the invasion of the Uzbek and completely unified the south of the Tianshan Mountains.
Mohmad Khan died in 1610 (the 38th year ofWanli reign), and his eldest son Ahmed succeeded. But Ahmed Khan encountered rebellions from many directions upon taking the throne. His son, Governor of Kashgar, Timur Sultan was sent east twice to put down the rebellion there, thus calming down the situation in the khanate for the time being. However, in the decade of his reign, Ahmed Khan was busy dealing with one rebellion after another.